Jupiter moons – How many moons does Jupiter have?

0
2554

In this Article, I am talking about the Jupiter moons. Before talking about Jupiter moon, We know about the planet Jupiter. Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in our solar system. Jupiter is the highest place in our Nineplanets and it has been considered as the most influential planet. Due to its sharp rotation, Jupiter has a flat spheroid shape. Jupiter Planet is mainly made of gases and hence is known as a gas giant company. In its outer environment, there are many different visible bars on different latitudes that are formed as a result of different environments with their boundaries.

Jupiter Moons
Jupiter Moons

Jupiter Moons

How Many Moons Does Jupiter Have?

There are 79 known satellites of Jupiter, the fifth planet in our solar system whose orbital orbits have been tested and found to be permanent. This number is more than any other planets in the solar system. Four of these satellites are of very large size – Ganymede, Callisto, IO, and Europa. They were discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610, so these four are also called the Galilean moon of Jupiter. These were the first four satellites that were found orbiting other planets from the Earth. The diameter of these four (diameter) is more than 3,100 km. The diameter of any satellite on the other side of Jupiter does not exceed 250 Kms and mostly holds a diameter of less than 5 Kms.

How Many Moons Does Jupiter Have
How Many Moons Does Jupiter Have

Jupiter’s moons, there are eight regular satellites, and there are almost circular orbits that are not very much in relation to Jupiter’s equator. Galilean satellites are almost circular due to the masses of their planets, and therefore they will be considered to be the least dwarf planet if they were in direct orbit around the Sun. The other four regular satellites are very small and close to Jupiter; They work as sources of dust that make Jupiter rings.

The remaining irregular satellites of Jupiter’s moons whose regressive and retrograde orbits are far away from Jupiter and have higher tilt and extravagance. Jupiter was likely caught by these solar cells. Of the irregular satellites, twenty-seven have not been officially nominated.

How Many moons of Jupiter?

Ans – There are a 79 Known Moons of Jupiter.

Galilean moons

The Galilean moons, the four moons of Jupiter discovered in January 1610 by Galileo Galilei They are the largest of the many moons in Jupiter and they are IO, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto. Apart from the Sun and the eight planets, with a greater radius than any draft planet, they are one of the largest moons in the solar system. Three inner moons – Ganymede, Europa, and IO take part in an orbital resonance of 1: 2: 4.

Galilean moons
Galilean moons

These four moons were discovered sometime between 1609 and 1610 when Galileo improved its telescope, which made him capable of observing the farthest celestial bodies which were never expected to be seen before.  Galileo’s discovery was carried out by astronomers By proving the significance of the telescope as a tool, it showed that there were many things in the space which could not be seen with a naked eye. More importantly, this indisputable discovery of the celestial objects revolving around the Earth, and after that, disposed of them in a stroke after those who had accepted the Ptolemy world system, or the geocentric theory in which everything revolutionized the earth.

Galileo immediately named his discovery Cosmica Sidera (Cosimo’s stars), but the names were chosen by Simon Marius finally came into play. Marius also discovered the Moon along with Galileo at the same time and gave him his current name, which was suggested in his “Mundus Jovialis” published by Johannes Kepler in 1614.

Also Read Mars Planet Facts

IO moon

Io, the fifth planet in our solar system is Jupiter’s third largest satellite and it is the fourth largest moon of the entire solar system. The diameter of IO is 3,642 km. In Jupiter’s four major satellites (Ganymede, Callisto, IO, and Europa) it is the moon that is orbiting the closest orbit of Jupiter.

IO moon
IO moon

Due to being so close to Jupiter, the gravitational force produced by the fierce gravitational force of the planet varies from IO to which there are many volcanoes on this satellite. By 2010, more than 400 active volcanoes had been counted on IO. There is no other object in the entire Solar System where there is more geographical upheaval than Io. The structure of the outer moons of the Solar System has a plethora of ice, but it is not so. IO is mostly made of stone materials.

Europa Moon

Europa is the smallest of the Four Galilean moons, which revolves around Jupiter, and is the sixth closest to all the 79 known moons of Jupiter. It is also the sixth largest moon in the solar system. Europa was discovered in 1610 by Galileo Galilei and its name was Europa, a Finnish mother of  King Minos of Crete and lover of Zeus (equivalent to the Roman god Jupiter).

europa moon
europa moon

A little smaller than Earth’s Moon, Europa is mainly composed of silicate rock and it has a water-ice layer and perhaps an iron-nickel core. There is a very thin environment, which is mainly made of oxygen. It has cracks and streaks on its surface, but the pit is relatively low. In addition to the Europe-bound telescope observations, Europa has been investigated by the succession of space probe flyby, which occurred in the early 1970s.

Ganymede Moon

Ganymede is the largest satellite of Jupiter, the fifth planet in our solar system, and it is also the largest moon of the entire solar system. Its diameter is 5,268 km, which is also 8% larger than Mercury’s planet, its mass is also the highest of all the moons in the solar system and 2.2 times the Earth’s moon.

gedymede moon
Ganymede moon

The Ganymede is the made of the roughly equal quantity of stones and water ice and its central part is molten iron. Because of this molten iron, the Ganymede is the only moon of the solar system, which has its own magnetic shell. Scientists believe that there is an ocean of water that is about two kilometers below its surface, two freezing patterns.

The area of light and thick color can be seen in its surface. It is believed that there is a high amount of new ice in light-colored areas and there are trenches and rocks in these areas which are told due to the turmoil caused by Tidal force born from Jupiter’s fierce gravity. The thickness of the surface of the thick color seems very old and it is estimated that it has not changed much in the past 4 billion years, except by making the poke crater from falling meteorites in place.

Callisto Moon

Callisto, the fifth planet in our solar system, is the second largest satellite of Jupiter and it is the third largest moon in the entire solar system. Its diameter is approximately 4,820 km, which is 99% of Mercury’s planet, but due to its very high density of Mercury, its mass is only one-third of Mercury.

Callisto moon
Callisto moon

The Callisto is made up of an approximately equal quantity of stone and water ice. It is possible that there is a stone sphere in its center. It is also possible that there is an ocean of water at a depth of about 100 km from the surface. The surface of the Callisto is thick and has many striking craters on it. Scientific estimates suggest that this surface was built billions of years ago and has since been restored.

List of Jupiter Moons

OrderNameDiameterMassGroup
1IO3660.0
× 3637.4
× 3630.6
8931900Galilean
2Europa3121.64800000Galilean
3Ganymede5262.414819000Galilean
4Callisto4820.610759000Galilean
5Amalthea250 × 146 × 128
(167±4.0)
208Inner
6Himalia170670Himalia
7Elara8687Himalia
8Pasiphae6030Pasiphae
9Sinope387.5Pasiphae
10Lysithea366.3Himalia
11Carme4613Carme
12Ananke283.0Ananke
13Leda160.6Himalia
14Thebe116 × 98 × 84=43Inner
15Adrastea20 × 16 × 14≈ 0.2Inner
16Metis60 × 40 × 34≈ 3.6Inner
17Callirrhoe90.087Pasiphae
18Themisto80.069Themisto
19Megaclite50.021Pasiphae
20Taygete50.016Carme
21Chaldene40.0075Carme
22Harpalyke40.012Ananke
23Kalyke50.019Carme
24Iocaste50.019Ananke
25Erinome30.0045Carme
26Isonoe40.0075Carme
27Praxidike70.043Ananke
28Autonoe40.0090Pasiphae
29Thyone40.0090Ananke
30Hermippe40.0090Ananke
31Aitne30.0045Carme
32Eurydome30.0045Pasiphae
33Euanthe30.0045Ananke
34Euporie20.0015Ananke
35Orthosie20.0015Ananke
36Sponde20.0015Pasiphae
37Kale20.0015Carme
38Pasithee20.0015Carme
39Hegemone30.0045Pasiphae
40Mneme20.0015Ananke
41Aoede40.0090Pasiphae
42Thelxinoe20.0015Ananke
43Arche30.0045Carme
44Kallichore20.0015Carme
45Helike40.0090Ananke
46Carpo30.0045Carpo
47Eukelade40.0090Carme
48Cyllene20.0015Pasiphae
49Kore20.0015Pasiphae
50Herse20.0015Carme
51S/2010 J 12Carme
52S/2010 J 21Ananke
53Dia40.0090Himalia
54S/2016 J 130.0015Ananke
55S/2003 J 1820.0015Ananke
56S/2011 J 21Pasiphae
57S/2003 J 540.0090Carme
58S/2003 J 1520.0015Pasiphae
59S/2017 J 120.0015Pasiphae
60S/2003 J 320.0015Ananke
61S/2003 J 1920.0015Carme
62Valetudo1Valetudo
63S/2017 J 220.0015Carme
64S/2017 J 320.0015Ananke
65S/2017 J 420.0015Himalia
66S/2017 J 520.0015Carme
67S/2017 J 620.0015Pasiphae
68S/2017 J 720.0015Ananke
69S/2017 J 810.0015Carme
70S/2017 J 920.0015Ananke
71S/2018 J 120.0015Himalia
72S/2011 J 11Carme
73S/2003 J 12 (lost)10.0015Ananke
74S/2003 J 16(lost)20.0015Ananke
75S/2003 J 10(lost)20.0015Carme
76S/2003 J 23(lost)20.0015Pasiphae
77S/2003 J 4(lost)20.0015Pasiphae
78S/2003 J 9(lost)10.00015Carme
79S/2003 J 2(lost)20.0015Pasiphae

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here