Jupiter Planet – Information about Jupiter Planet – Jupiter is the fifth from the Sun and the largest planet in our solar system. It is a gas demon whose mass is equal to the Thousand part of the Sun and 2.5 times the total mass of the other seven planets in the Solar System. Jupiter has been classified as a gaseous planet with Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. These four planets are known as outer planets.

This planet has been known by astronomers since ancient times and it was associated with mythological and religious beliefs of many cultures. The Roman civilization named it after the name of his god Jupiter. When it was seen from Earth, it can reach Apparent magnitude relative to Jupiter -2.94, enough shiny to fit the shadow, which it is known as moon and Venus Afterwards creates the third highest brightest object in the sky. (Mars corresponds to the brightness of Jupiter at some points in its class).

Jupiter is made up of one-fourth of helium mass with hydrogen and can have a rocky core containing heavy elements. Due to its rapid rotation, Jupiter has a flattened subgoal A slight but noticeable uplift). In its outer environment, there are many different visible straps on different latitudes which are formed as a result of different environments with their boundaries. The existence of Jupiter’s glorious ‘Great Red Spot’, which is a huge storm. Was known since the 17th century when it was first seen with a telescope. This planet is surrounded by a powerful magnetic field and a dim planetary ring system. Jupiter has at least 79 (till 2018) moons. Among them are the four largest moons called the Galilean Moon which was first discovered by Galileo Galilei in 1610.


Jupiter is primarily made up of gases and liquids. With the largest being the four gaseous planets, it is also the largest planet in the Solar System with 1,42,984 km of equatorial diameter. Jupiter’s density of 1.326 grams / cm3 is less than the second highest in gaseous planets, but all four terrestrial planets. Information about Jupiter Planet

Chemical composition

Jupiter’s upper atmosphere is composed of 88-92% hydrogen and 8-12% helium and the percentage here is the amount of molecules. The helium atom is four times the mass of the hydrogen atom. This structure changes when its proportion of its mass is described as the contribution of various atoms. Thus, the atmosphere is composed of approximately 75% hydrogen and 24% helium mass and the remaining one percent of the mass is made up of other elements. In the internal part of the body, there are heavy substances, thus broadly distribution is the mass of 71% hydrogen, 24% helium and 5% other elements. Astronomers believe that hydrogen in the central part of Jupiter is crushed with severe pressure and the metal is present in the hydrogen form. Jupiter’s magnetic field is more powerful than any other planet in our solar system. Information about Jupiter Planet

In Jupiter’s atmosphere, methane, water vapor, ammonia, and silicon-based compounds have been found. There are also signs of carbon, ethane, hydrogen sulfide, phosphine and sulfur in it. The outermost layer of the atmosphere contains ammonia crystals that are frozen. The amount of benzene and other hydrocarbons found on infrared ultraviolet metering was also found. The atmospheric proportions of hydrogen and helium are very close to the theoretical structure of the Proto-Solar Nebula. The amount of neon in the upper atmosphere is 20 parts per million, which is abundant in the Sun, approximately 10 parts per million.

On the basis of spectroscopy, Saturn is considered to be similar to Jupiter in structure, but other two gaseous planets Uranus and Neptune possess relatively little hydrogen and helium. Due to lack of atmospheric insertion investigation, outer planets beyond Jupiter are decreasing the abundance of high-quality heavy elements.

Internal structure

It seems that Jupiter is formed with a mixture of thick core elements, which is covered with some helium-containing liquid hydrogen metal layer and its outer layers are mainly made up of molecular hydrogen. Apart from this basic framework, There is still quite an uncertainty. Given the properties of heat and pressure on such depth substances, its core is often considered to be rocky but its elaborate structure is unknown. In 1997, the existence of the core was suggested by gravitational measurement which indicates that the mass of the core is 12 to 45 times. The mass of the Earth or about 4% -14% of the total mass of Jupiter.

Its core area is surrounded by dense metal hydrogen which spreads out to about 78% of the radius of Jupiter on the outside. Helium and Neon run through this layer in the form of droplets of rain that rises downwards rapidly. Thereby decreasing the abundance of these elements in the upper atmosphere. Information about Jupiter Planet

The transparent internal atmosphere of hydrogen is located above the layer of metal-hydrogen. At this depth, the temperature is above the critical temperature, which is only 33 Kelvin for hydrogen. At this stage there is no distinction between fluid and gas, then hydrogen is said to be in the ultimate revolutionary liquid state. Treating like a gas in the upper layer is more convenient for hydrogen, which keeps up to 1000km deep with expansion downward and in deeper, it is like liquid. Once down, the gas gradually becomes hot and dense, but physically it has no clear boundary line.

Moving to the core inside Jupiter increases the temperature and pressure rapidly. The temperature at the core is estimated to be 36,000 K and internal pressure is 3,000-4,500 GPa.


Jupiter is the largest planetary atmosphere of the Solar System, which extends up to 5000 km in height. There is no surface on Jupiter, therefore, the base of the atmosphere is generally considered at the point where the atmospheric pressure is equal to 10 times the unit or 10 times the surface pressure of the earth. Information about Jupiter Planet

Cloud layer

Jupiter is always covered with ammonia crystals and possibly ammonium hydrosulphide clouds. These clouds are located in the Tropopause and are arranged in stripes of various latitudes, they are known as tropical regions. These stripes are subdivided into light colored zones and dark colored belts. The interaction of these conflicting circulation shapes is the cause of storm and turbulence. It is common for areas to get a wind speed of 100 meters/second (360 km / h). The width, color, and intensity of the fields have been observed in the year-round year variation, but they remain so stagnant that by recognizing the astronomer, they can give them a name. Jupiter planet information

The depth of the cloud layer is approximately 50 km and it is made up of at least two of the clouds of the decks. A low-fat patch and a thin, clean area. Given the evidence of lightning in Jupiter’s atmosphere, it seems that there may be a thin layer of aquatic clouds within the ammonia layer. This light of light is due to the aquatic polarity that enables the aquatic clouds to create a separate charge for power generation. This electrical glow can be powerful by the brightness of the Earth that is 1000 times as powerful. Inspired by the rising internal heat, aquatic clouds can take the form of thunder. Information about Jupiter Planet

The orange and greyishness of Jupiter’s clouds are due to overflowing with compounds. This change in colors occurs when ultraviolet light of the sun exposes it.

Giant Red Spot and other small whirls

The most recognizable figure on Jupiter is a huge red spot or a great red spot. It is a cyclonic storm larger than Earth that is located at 22 ° south of the equator. Its existence was known from 1831 or even earlier than 1665. Mathematical models show that this storm is eternal and the existence of this shape is everlasting. The size of this storm is so large that it is 12 cm It can be easily seen from the ground-based telescope of Aperture or more.

This oval blur rotates the counter-clockwise with a period of six hours. Its length is 24 – 40,000 km and width is 12 – 14,000 km. It is so big that it contains three distinct ones. The maximum height of this storm is also above 8 km above the upper clouds. Information about Jupiter Planet

It is common for such a hurricane in the troubled environment of this gaseous planet. On Jupiter, there are many white and brown color spots. White spots are composed of relatively quiet clouds within the upper atmosphere, in contrast, the brown spots are heated and formed within the normal cloud layer.

Before the voyager confirms the stormy trend of this shape, it was known that the spot was not related to any deep composition of this planet. There was strong evidence that its rotating speed would be the environment around it. That is different from the expectations and it revolves around, it is very slow. This stormy smudge has traveled around the planet several times around its relative recurring tract during its recorded history.

Orbiting and rotating

Jupiter is the only planet with its shared mass of Sun located outside of the Sun. The average distance of Sun from Jupiter is 777 million kilometers (5.2 astronomical units). One full circle of Sun each 11 In 86 years, two-thirds of orbital periods compared to Sun. The orbital resonance between the two major planets of the solar system makes the orbital resonance. That is, Jupiter has five rounds of sun R is put at the same time two rounds of the sun. Its oval orbit is tilted 1.31 ° compared to Earth. Due to the 0.048 eccentricity, Jupiter’s distance from the Sun is diverse.

Jupiter’s rotation is the fastest of all the planets in the solar system. It completes a rotation on its axis in less than 10 hours, which creates an equatorial composition that is easily visible from a geo-based telescope. This rotation requires a 1.67 meter/second 2 centripetal acceleration on the equator, compared to 24.79 meters / second 2 equatorial surface gravity. Thus resultant acceleration on the equatorial surface is only 23.12 meters / second 2. The shape of this planet is like a fluted spheroid. Which means the diameter of the equator across its equator is 9 275 km longer than the diameter between its poles.

Because Jupiter is not a solid planet, its rotating motion has many rotating motions. The rotation of its polar atmosphere is 5 minutes long from the equatorial atmosphere. Three systems of motions have been used as a relative mark, especially when atmospheric symptoms are recorded. The system is applied to 10 ° north to 10 ° south latitudes, 9 hours 50 minutes 30.0 seconds, the lowest period. System II applied to all latitudes of north and south, rotating period 9 hours 55 minutes 40.6 seconds. Information about Jupiter Planet


Jupiter is generally the fourth most shiny body in the sky (Sun, Venus and after our Moon); At any given point of time, Mars appears brighter than Jupiter. It depends on the position of Jupiter in the context of the Earth. These scenes may vary in magnitude, such as on low antithesis-from -2.9 to brightness, like brightness from -1.6, while combining with the sun. Similarly, the angular diameter of Jupiter also changes from 50.1 to 29.8 arc seconds. Favorable dissociation is found when Jupiter is passing through the bypass. This situation is found once in every round. As soon as Jupiter reached near Apsis in March 2011, there was a favorable dispute in September 2010.

Around the Sun, in the orbital race with Jupiter, the earth crosses Jupiter every 392.2 days, this period is called a synchronous period. In this situation, Jupiter appears to pass under regressive speed in the context of the background stars. This is the reason, for this period, Jupiter appears to go back into the night sky, demonstrates a backlash. Jupiter planet information

Jupiter’s 12-year orbital period corresponds to dozens of zodiac signs and it can be a historical origin of the symbols. This is the reason why every time Jupiter reaches its dissipation. It is about 30 ° east It is gone, which is the width of a zodiac-cycle.

Since the orbit of Jupiter is out of the orbit of the Earth, Jupiter’s position angle, as seen from the Earth, is never greater than 11.5 °. This is the reason when it is seen through a geo-based telescope, the planet appears almost completely illuminated by us. Only during the spacecraft mission for Jupiter, the semi-moonlight form of this planet was obtained. Jupiter planet information

Galileo mission

Till now only Galileo has made the journey of Jupiter, which went on orbit around Jupiter on December 7, 1995. It revolved around the planet for more than seven years and became the carrier of multi-flight of all Galilean moons and Amalthea. This spacecraft also gave evidence of the collision of Comet Sumekar-Levi 9 when it reached Jupiter in 1994. The original design capability was limited due to the failure of the high-achievable radio broadcasting antenna. Although the information received from Galileo about the Jupiter system was widespread. information about Jupiter

An atmospheric inventory was released from spacecraft in July 1995, which entered the planet’s atmosphere on December 7. It traveled 150 kilometers of the atmosphere from the parachute, collected data for 57.6 minutes. Crushed by the pressure under which it was at that time (at 153 ° C, the normal pressure of the earth About 22 times). After that, it may have melted and probably would have been vaporized. The Galilean Yan also, unfortunately, experienced this much faster change, when on 21 September 2003. It deliberately led to the planet at a speed of more than 50 km/second, the suicide step would be to a satellite. It was raised to prevent any potential future accident and possibly to be contaminated, and it is a satellite. Europa – a moon which has the possibility to surrender life, such a notion is there.

Interaction with the Solar System

Along with the Sun, the gravitational effects of Jupiter have helped greatly to shape the solar system. Most of the planets orbits are located near the orbital plane of Jupiter instead of the Sun’s equatorial plane. (only Mercury’s orbital inclination is from the Sun’s equator Is near). The Kirkwood spacing in the asteroid belt is mostly due to Jupiter. This planet can be responsible for the moonlight of the inner solar system.

Along with its moons, Jupiter’s gravitational field also controls many asteroids. Which are settled in the areas of Lagrangian points and follow Jupiter around the Sun in their respective orbits? These trojans are known as the asteroids and are divided into Greek camps and Trojan camps. The first of these, 588 Achilles (588 Achilles), was discovered by Max Wolff in 1906; After that, more than two thousand have been discovered, the largest of them is 624 hectares (624 Hektor).

Most of the Jupiter family-short-period-comets – are defined as comets whose arc-main axis (small-major axis) is smaller than Jupiter’s axis. Jupiter family comets are believed to be built in the Kuiper belt across the Neptune class. During close encounters with Jupiter, their orbits were transformed into a shorter period. Later circularized with the Sun and Jupiter with regular gravitational effects. Jupiter planet information

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